Wide-mode-spacing broadband laser frequency combs for astronomy
Frequency combs are the world’s most precise laser sources, with intrinsic noise measured at the 10-19 level, and celebrated in the 2005 Nobel prize to Jan Hall and Ted Haensch for their early work in developing this technology. This project is in support of the development of versatile frequency comb lasers which are needed as calibration sources for astronomical spectrographs. In this application, high resolution spectrographs are used to measure tiny Doppler shifts of starlight caused by the presence of an orbiting exoplanet. As astronomers focus on finding smaller exoplanets that more closely resemble the Earth, there is a need to measure smaller Doppler shifts, making the need for calibration of the telescope spectrographs very important. Prof. Reid’s group has a track record in developing femtosecond OPOs as frequency combs for astronomy and metrology. This work will continue in 2016 under newly announced STFC funding for Phase A of the "UK Programme for the European Extremely Large Telescope," a UK consortium in which Reid’s group is a partner. In the above context, this PhD project will continue a successful programme of work developing OPO frequency combs for astronomy and metrology. Key technical objectives are to extend the tunability and repetition rate of doubly-resonant Ti:sapphire-pumped frequency combs so they are suitable for the E-ELT telescope, which requires wavelength coverage from <400nm to 2.4um, and comb mode spacings of order 10 GHz and higher. Validation of OPO combs on astronomical spectrograph(s), either lab based or on a telescope, will be another part of the project. The demonstration of precision metrology, e.g. direct comb spectroscopy in the near- to mid-IR will be a further area of investigation. Opportunities for travel to validate the technology on a telescope are likely, with plans in place for an initial study on the South African Large Telescope in 2016.
Please send inquiry emails to Prof. Derryck T Reid at D.T.Reid@hw.ac.uk