28. Fagus sylvatica

The Common Beech growing up to 25-35 metres (82-115 feet), exceptionally 50 metres (160 feet) tall. It reaches 300-400 years old. It also makes a very good hedging plant as it doesn’t lose its leaves in winter making it an effective screen. It produces seed from 10 years old and likes a humid atmosphere and well-drained soil. The wood is used for furniture, worktops, flooring and staircases. It is also considered to be one of the best firewoods. The nuts are eaten by humans and animals but can be slightly toxic to humans if eaten in large quantities. The nuts were pressed to produce oil in the 19th century and used in cooking and lamps.