Spencer, Helen

Project Title

Scottish Medieval and Post Medieval window glass.


The research focusses on the use of scientific compositional analysis (SEM-EDS and p-XRF) to study Medieval ecclesiastical and Post-Medieval domestic window glass in Scotland. The aims are to study the major, minor and trace elements of glass from a range of archaeological sites to discover differences and similarities between window glass used in Scotland and the rest of Europe.

Scientific data combined with archaeological, typological and historical evidence, will add to the currently limited knowledge about where window glass used in Scotland was made and how this changed throughout the Medieval period.

Research is also being undertaken on the earliest known glass manufacturing site in Scotland to be excavated, with the aim of identifying raw materials and glass recipes used in Scottish 17th/18th Century glass production.


Dr Craig Kennedy and Dr Alan Forster


Email: hms1@hw.ac.uk