Evaluating the Application of the Environmental Management System at Aluminum Industry in the UAE
Aluminum is the third most abundant element, after oxygen and silicon, and the most abundant metal in Earth's crust. It is widely used in buildings, construction, transport, packaging and general engineering due to its unique characteristics such as corrosion resistance, durability, insulation capability, structural strength and low-weight, which makes it the metal of the future.
Aluminum manufacturing is an energy intensive industry and a major contributor to Greenhouse gases such as CO2 and CFC, and PFC. This industry generates huge amounts of waste such as the Bauxite Residue from the Alumina Refinery process and the Spent Pot-Lining (SPL) from the Smelting process. These complex environmental challenges increase the role of environmental management and sustainability in the Aluminum manufacturing industry. According to the World Aluminum annual statistical report in 2014, UAE is the fourth largest aluminum producer, accounting for over 50% of the Arabian Gulf's aluminium production where the UAE Aluminum Industry is on upstream production and not on the downstream industries and uses such as recycling and secondary Aluminium production.
This area of research is required in this region on how to reduce Aluminum environmental footprint by studying the life-cycle of Aluminum in the UAE, Environmental Management practices that are currently used in this industry and formulating an efficient environmental management framework for a sustainable metal production, which is mainly the intend of this research work.
Dr Yasemin Nielsen & Professor Stephen Ogunlana