William N MacPherson

BSc (Hons), PhD

Associate Professor

+44 (0)131 451 3733
Room 1.11
David Brewster Building
Heriot-Watt University
Roles and responsibilities

Teaching Duties

  • Head of Physics (2014-2018)
  • Deputy Head for Physics teaching (2018-2019)
  • B27TA 1st year Investigative Techniques
  • B28LT 2nd year experimental laboratory (Course leader)
  • B28EP 2nd year electronics and programming
  • MSc Photonics Laboratory


Research and Administration

  • Deputy Director of EngD Applied Photonics
  • Physics representative on EPS Outreach Committee
  • Institute ‘webmaster’


External Positions

  • Fellow of the Institute of Physics
  • Technical co-chair for 2013 European workshop on Optical Fibre sensors  


Outreach Activities

Schools workshops - including 'Cool Physics' - the science behind Liquid Nitrogen Ice cream, optics workshops including 'build your own spectrometer' and taking photographs with a 'box', electronics construction activities, and the 'mystery of magnetism'. These workshops have been run for a wide range of audiences from nursery school upwards!

As part of his involvement with the Institute of Phsyics he co-ordinates the Scottish Physics in the field activities.  In recent years this has taken place at a range of venues including Highland Games,Village and Country Fairs, Ski centres, and Science Festivals.  In 2010 events included a 2-day event at Cairngorm Ski centre - taking the experiments onto the ski slopes, and attending the Callandar Highland Games.  In 2011 we participated in the 'Bang-goes-the-Theory' interactive roadshow event at the Edinburgh International Science Festival, and attended events in Orkney and Dunfries and Galloway.  2012 saw us back at the Bang-Goes-the-Theory Edinburgh roadshow, at the Dumfries Science festival, and Ballater Highland Games.


William MacPherson is an Associate Professor in Physics and a member of the Applied Optics and Photonics research group in the School of Engineering and Physical Sciences. His research interests are centred around the application of optical and fibre-optic techniques for measurement and instrumentation. This work includes high bandwidth temperature and pressure sensors for aerodynamic and explosion monitoring, novel fibres for structural monitoring, vibration and acceleration measurement, and studies into potential sensing applications of novel microstructured fibres. Many of these projects have been in colaboration with industry (such as QinetiQ, Rolls-Royce, Land Rover, Image Automation), and other Universities (including Oxford, Bath, Sheffield, Aston, Birmingham, and Leeds Universities).

He has published over 90 journal and conference papers in this area, and is on the organising committee for the 2010 European Workshop on Optical Fibre Sensors and local organising commitee for the 20th International Conference on Optical Fibre Sensors.

For further details of his research visit the AOP group website at http://www.aop.hw.ac.uk/


Selected publications

2018 Journal Publications

1. Bio-inspired all-optical artificial neuromast for 2D flow sensing Wolf, B. J., Morton, J. A. S., Macpherson, W. N. & Van Netten, S. M., Mar 2018, In : Bioinspiration and Biomimetics. 13, 2, 026013

2. Fabrication and characterization of machined multi-core fiber tweezers for single cell manipulation Anastasiadi, G., Leonard, M., Paterson, L. & MacPherson, W. N., 1 Feb 2018, In : Optics Express. 26, 3, p. 3557-3567

2017 Journal Publications

1. Integrating Fiber Fabry-Perot Cavity Sensor Into 3-D Printed Metal Components for Extreme High-Temperature Monitoring Applications, IEEE Sensors Journal, ISSN: 1530-437X, Vol: 17, Issue: 13, Page: 4107-4114, DOI 10.1109/jsen.2017.2703085

2. Multiplexed single-mode wavelength-to-time mapping of multimode light. Nature communications, ISSN: 2041-1723, Vol: 8, Page: 14080, DOI 10.1038/ncomms14080

2016 Journal Publications

1. Dispersion measurement of microstructured negative curvature hollow core fiber, Optical Engineering, ISSN: 0091-3286, Vol: 55, Issue: 11, Page: 116106, DOI 10.1117/1.oe.55.11.116106

2015 Journal Publications

1. A Micro-Machined Optical Fiber Cantilever as a Miniaturized pH Sensor, IEEE Sensors Journal, ISSN: 1530-437X, Vol: 15, Issue: 12, Page: 7221-7228, 10.1109/jsen.2015.2472971

2. An optical fibre dynamic instrumented palpation sensor for the characterisation of biological tissue, Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, ISSN: 0924-4247, Vol: 225, Page: 53-60, DOI 10.1016/j.sna.2015.01.036

3. In-Fiber Fabry–Perot Cavity Sensor for High-Temperature Applications, Journal of Lightwave Technology, ISSN: 0733-8724, Vol: 33, Issue: 12, Page: 2419-2425, 10.1109/jlt.2015.2397936

4. Temperature and Strain Measurements With Fiber Bragg Gratings Embedded in Stainless Steel 316, Journal of Lightwave Technology, ISSN: 0733-8724, Vol: 33, Issue: 12, Page: 2474-2479, 10.1109/jlt.2014.2366835

2014 Journal Publications

1. J. Li, F. Albri, J.N. Sun, M.M. Miliar, R.R.J. Maier, D.P. Hand and W.N. MacPherson, "Fabricating optical fibre-top cantilevers for temperature sensing", Meas. Sci. Technol. 25 035206, 2014

2013 Journal Publications

1. J. Sun, J. Li, R.R.J. Maier, D.P. Hand, W.N. MacPherson, M.K. Miller, J.M. Ritchie, X. Luo, "Fabrication of a side aligned optical fibre interferometer by focused ion beam machining", J. Micromech & Microeng., Vol. 23(10), Article Number: 105005, Oct 2013

2. R.N. John, I. Read, W.N. MacPherson, "Design considerations for a fibre Bragg grating interrogation system utilizing an arrayed waveguide grating for dynamic strain measurement", Meas Sci & Technol, Vol. 24(7), Article Number: 075203, Jul 2013

3. Frank Albri, Jun Li, Robert R J Maier, William N MacPherson and Duncan P Hand, "Laser machining of sensing components on the end of optical fibres", J. Micromech. Microeng. 23 045021, 2013 

4. R.R.J. Maier, W.N. MacPherson, J.S. Barton, M. Carne, M. Swan, J.N. Sharma, S.K. Futter, D.A. Knox, B.J.S. Jones, S. McCulloch, "Embedded Fiber Optic Sensors Within Additive Layer Manufactured Components," Sensors Journal, IEEE , vol.13, no.3, pp.969-979, March 2013

2011 Journal Publications

1. R.R.J. Maier, W.N. MacPherson, J.S. Barton, M. Carne, M. Swan, J.N. Sharma, S.K. Futter, D.A. Knox, B.J.S. Jones and S. McCulloch, "Fibre Optic Strain and Configuration Sensing in Engineering Components Produced by Additive Layer Rapid Manufacturing", IEEE Sensors, 2011 p. 1353-1357

2010 Journal Publications

1. R. Beck, J. Parry, W. MacPherson, A. Waddie, N. Weston, J. Shephard, and D. Hand, "Application of cooled spatial light modulator for high power nanosecond laser micromachining," Opt. Express 18, 17059-17065 (2010).

2. RRJ Maier, WN MacPherson, JS Barton, S McCulloch, BJS Jones, "Distributed sensing using Rayleigh scatter in polarization-maintaining fibres for transverse load sensing", Measurement Science & Technology, 21 (9), Art. No. 094019, SEP 2010  

2009 Journal Publications

1. J P Parry, B C Griffiths, N V Gayraud, E D McNaghten, A M Parkes, William N MacPherson and Duncan P Hand, “Towards practical gas sensing with micro-structured fibres”, accepted for publication in Measurement Science and Technology (2009)

2. Rui Suo, Joris Lousteau, Hongxia Li, Xin Jiang, Kaiming Zhou, Lin Zhang, William N. MacPherson, Henry T. Bookey, James S. Barton, Ajoy K. Kar, Animesh Jha, and Ian Bennion, "Fiber Bragg gratings inscribed using 800nm femtosecond laser and a phase mask in singleand multi-core mid-IR glass fibers," Optics Express 17, 7540-7548 (2009)

Further information

He also supports the department's Automatic Weather Station located on the summit of Cairngorm, the UK's 6th highest mountain. For more information about this station, and to see the latest data (refreshed 4 times daily) see Cairngorm Weather Station Homepage.