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International Centre for Island Technology (ICIT) staff member are listed under the Orkney Campus staff directory.

Assistant Professor

+44 (0) 131 451 8032
Room T6, John Muir Building, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, United Kingdom
Roles and responsibilities
  • Teaching on B.Sc programmes for Applied Marine Biology and Biological Sciences, M.Sc programme for Marine Biodiversity & Biotechnology
  • Supervision of Ph.D students
  • Co-organiser of 9th International Congress of the International Society for Developmental & Comparative Immunology (ISDCI), St Andrews, 2003.
  • Abstract editor for 12th International Congress of ISDCI, Fukuoka, 2012
  • Member of ISDCI, Marine Biological Association UK, National Shellfisheries Association
  • External examiner for Ph.D students at University of Southampton (UK), St Andrews (UK) Macquarie University (Australia) and the University of Gothenberg (Sweden).

Dr Dyrynda's research interests include developmental and comparative immunology, particularly the effects of stress on the immune system and the consequences for successful disease resistance. The research involves a number of different species, but focuses in particular on molluscs and crustaceans, which are an important economic resource. Current aspects of research include the expression and activity of novel anti-microbial peptides, immunotoxicology and cell death processes.

Selected publications

Smith, V.J., Roulston, C., Dyrynda, E.A. 2010. The Shrimp Immune System. In: The Shrimp Book: Research to Application in Penaeid Aquaculture. Editor: Victoria Alday-Sanz. Nottingham University Press.

Smith, V.J., Desbois, A.P., Dyrynda, E.A. 2010. Conventional and unconventional antimicrobials from fish, marine invertebrates and microalgae. Marine Drugs, 8, 1213-1262.

Wootton, E.C., Dyrynda, E.A., Ratcliffe, N.A. (2006) Role of non-specific electrostatic forces and humoral recognition factors in the haemocytic encapsulation response of the edible cockle, Cerastoderma edule. Journal of Experimental Biology, 209 (7), 1326-1335.

Hammond, J.A., Hall, A.J., Dyrynda, E.A. (2005). Comparison of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) induced effects on innate immune functions in harbour and grey seals. Aquatic Toxicology, 74 (2), 126-138

Wootton, E.C., Dyrynda, E.A., Ratcliffe, N.A. (2003). Bivalve immunity: comparisons between the marine mussel (Mytilus edulis), the edible cockle (Cerastoderma edule) and the razor-shell (Ensis siliqua). Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 15, 195-210.

Wootton, E.C., Dyrynda, E.A., Pipe, R.K., Ratcliffe, N.A. (2003) Oil-induced immunomodulation in three species of marine bivalves. Aquatic Toxicology, 65, 13-25

Dyrynda, E.A., Law, R.J., Dyrynda, P.E.J., Kelly, C.A., Pipe, R.K., Ratcliffe, N.A. (2000) Changes in immunocompetence of natural mussel (Mytilus edulis) populations following a major oil spill (Sea Empress, Wales UK). Marine Ecology Progress Series, 206, 155-170.

Mitta, G., Hubert, F., Dyrynda, E.A., Boudry, P., Roch, P. (2000) Antimicrobial peptides in mussels: Mytilin B and MGD 2, analysis of expression and gene structure. Developmental & Comparative Immunology, 24, 381-393


Liz Dyrynda graduated in Zoology from the University of Wales Swansea and later obtained her PhD there in comparative immunology (1995). Following University of Wales and Wellcome Trust Research Fellowships, she was appointed as Lecturer in Aquatic Biology at Swansea in 2000 and joined Heriot Watt as Lecturer in Marine Biology in 2002.