+44 (0)131 451 8068
Room G.15
Earl Mountbatten Building
Heriot-Watt University
Andrew Moore

Professor Andrew Moore leads the Optical Diagnostics group. Optical diagnostic techniques provide greater understanding and control of scientific, biological and engineering systems. Light adds no extra mass or stiffness to the structure under test and measurements can be made at many points simultaneously under service conditions. We research novel optical techniques for measuring deformation, vibration, shape and fluid flow. Jointly with our collaborators, we apply these techniques to unique measurement problems in science and engineering.  

Current work in the group includes:  

  • High-speed speckle interferometry (including temporal and spatial phase stepping, novel detectors, new image and fringe processing techniques). Applications include the simultaneous, multi-point measurements of transient, non-repeating vibrations for product development and modal analysis.
  • Speckle photography and optical vortex metrology (including fundamental studies of the statistics of optical fields, phase singularities, pseudo-phase correlation techniques). Applications include vibration and strain measurements in solid mechanics.
  • Shape measurement (including fringe and line projection, photogrammetry and photometric stereo). Applications include CMM-mounted optical probes for free-form surfaces, the deflection of microcantilever-array biosensors and particle tracking velocimetry for measuring fluid flows.
  • Shadowgraphy (including enhanced sensitivity, high-speed data acquisition). Applications include shield gas monitoring during welding and additive manufacture.  

The group works closely with industry including AWE, Renishaw, BAE Systems. More information on the Optical Diagnostic Group can be found at the group website:

Selected publications
  1. S.M. Knupfer, A.M. Paradowska, O. Kirstein and A.J. Moore, “Characterization of the residual strains in iterative laser forming”, Journal of Materials Processing Technology 212 90-99 (2012)  
  2. Y.R. Huddart, J.D.R. Valera, N.J. Weston, T.C. Featherstone and A.J. Moore, “Phase-stepped fringe projection by rotation about the camera’s perspective center”, Optics Express 19(19) 18458-18469 (2011)  
  3. T. Wu, J.D. Valera and A.J. Moore, “High-speed, sub-Nyquist interferometry”, Optics Express 19(11) 10111-10123 (2011)   S.M. Knupfer and A. J. Moore, “The effects of laser forming on the mechanical and metallurgical properties of low carbon steel and aluminium alloy samples”, Materials Science and Engineering A 527 4347–4359 (2010)  
  4. W.N. MacPherson, M. Reeves, D.P. Towers, A.J. Moore, and J.D.C. Jones, M. Dale, C. Edwards, “Multipoint laser vibrometer for modal analysis”, Applied Optics 46(16) 3126-3132 (2007)  
  5. A. Fender, E.J. Rigg, R.R.J. Maier, W.N. MacPherson, J.S. Barton, A.J. Moore, J.D.C. Jones, D. Zhao, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, S. McCulloch and B.J.S Jones, “Dynamic two-axis curvature measurement using multicore fiber Bragg gratings interrogated by arrayed waveguide gratings”, Applied Optics 45(36) 9041-9048 (2006)  
  6. T. Wu, J.D.C. Jones and A.J. Moore, “High-speed phase-stepped digital speckle pattern interferometry using a CMOS camera”, Applied Optics 45(23) 5845-5855 (2006)  
  7. I.D. Wallace, N.J. Lawson, A.R. Harvey, J.D.C. Jones and A.J. Moore, “High-speed photogrammetry system for measuring the kinematics of insect wings”, Applied Optics 45(17) 4165-4173 (2006)  
  8. W.N. MacPherson, M. Silva-Lopez, J.S. Barton, A.J. Moore, J.D.C. Jones, D. Zhao, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, N. Metje, D.N. Chapman and C.D.F. Rogers, “Tunnel monitoring using multicore fibre displacement sensor”, Measurement Science and Technology 17(5) 1180-1185 (2006)  
  9. F. Bardin, S. Morgan, S. Williams, R. McBride, A.J. Moore, J.D.C. Jones and D.P. Hand, “Process control of laser conduction welding by thermal imaging measurement using a color camera”, Applied Optics 44(32) 6841-6848 (2005)  
  10. M. Silva-Lopez, W.N. MacPherson, C. Li, A.J. Moore, J.S. Barton, J.D.C. Jones, D. Zhao, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, “Transverse load and orientation measurement using multicore fiber Bragg gratings”, Applied Optics 44(32) 6890-6897 (2005)  
  11. A.J. Moore, J. Smith and N.J. Lawson, “Volume three-dimensional flow measurements using wavelength multiplexing”, Optics Letters 30(19) 2569-2571 (2005)  
  12. R. McBride, F. Bardin, M. Gross, D.P. Hand, J.D.C. Jones and A.J. Moore, “Modelling and calibration of bending strains for iterative laser forming”, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 38 4027-4036 (2005)  

Full publications list available at


Andrew Moore received his BSc in Engineering Science and PhD in Optical Metrology from Loughborough University in 1988 and 1992 respectively. From 1992 to 1997 he worked at the Centro de Investigaciones en Optica, Mexico. He joined Heriot-Watt University in 1997 and is currently a Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering. He was an EPSRC Advanced Research Fellow (October 2000 to September 2005) and is currently an AWE William Penney Fellow (August 2006 to March 2015). His research interests include dynamic, full-field optical instrumentation and its application to scientific and engineering measurement.